THE SHADOW SERIAL (1940)
Originally created in 1930 to be a mysterious radio-show narrator, The Shadow was developed into a distinctive literary character in 1931 by writer Walter Brown Gibson. The Shadow debuted on July 31, 1930, as the mysterious narrator of the radio program Detective Story Hour, which was developed to boost sales of Street & Smith's monthly pulp Detective Story Magazine. When listeners of the program began asking at newsstands for copies of "that Shadow detective magazine," Street & Smith decided to create a magazine based on a character called The Shadow and hired Gibson to create a character concept to fit the name and voice and write a story featuring him. The first issue of The Shadow Magazine went on sale on April 1, 1931, a pulp series. On September 26, 1937, a new radio series based on the Shadow character, as created by Gibson for the pulp magazine, premiered with the story "The Death House Rescue," played by Orson Welles, in which The Shadow was characterized as having "the power to cloud men's minds so they cannot see him." In the magazine stories, The Shadow was not given the literal ability to become invisible. In this 1940 15-chapter Shadow movie serial, Victor Jory starred as Lamont Cranston, aka The Shadow, and Veda Ann Borg played the role of Margo Lane. In more recent years, old Pulp Magazine Shadow classics were reprinted from Sanctum Books as Pulp Doubles, and the character also appeared in Dynamite comic books, in great crossover events with other classic characters like The Spider, The Avenger, Doc Savage, Green Hornet, Black Bat, Green Lama, Black Terror and others, as well as in his own solo series.
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