F-16 FIGHTER JET EPU H-70 HYDRAZINE FUEL HAZARDS TITAN MISSILE FUEL 67584
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“F-16 Hydrazine Hazards” was produced by Aerospace Audiovisual Service in the late 1960s at the Military Airlift Command (MAC) headquartered at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. An F-16 Fighting Falcon flies into view (0:08). The camera slowly zooms in closer to the cockpit (0:49), cuts to the underbelly, then pans to the port side. The F-16 is a multirole tactical fighter, will full air-to-air and air-to-ground combat capabilities, and an electronic flight control system. An F-16 sits outside a hangar (1:18). Viewers see a close-up of the turbofan engine, which supplies thrust and power. If the F-16 should experience system failure, an emergency power unit (EPU) automatically activates to supply emergency hydraulic and electrical power to the flight control system, allowing the pilot to maintain control of the aircraft. The turbofan is turned on. Viewers see a close-up of a pilot in the cockpit (1:26). The tail fin and flaps adjust.
The film cuts to an illustration of a barrel of H-70, the fuel used to power the EPU (1:44). H-70 is a mixture of hydrazine and water and is toxic. Hydrazine has been used in missile propulsion systems. Two chutes of smoke billow upward as a missile launches (2:06). Men in protective gear engage in Titan missile maintenance (2:22). Men perform routine maintenance on an F-16 (2:29), and viewers see a close-up of the EPU. A man in protective gear runs towards the F-16, hands a jug of liquid to another man in protective gear, and they begin to pour the liquid in a barrel.
A text screen explains the dangers of short term exposure to hydrazine (2:52). Symptoms include: dizziness and nausea, skin burns or eye damage, and even unconsciousness. Another text screen explains the dangers of long term exposure (3:14), which can result in kidney damage, liver damage, and potentially cancer. Viewers see mice in a lab inspection box (3:27). While high exposures to hydrazine have been shown to cause cancer in mice, no studies link cancer in humans to hydrazine.
An illustration shows a cylinder of H-70 fuel, 70% hydrazine and 30% water (3:36). An illustration shows an airman looking at a spill between two barrels, one labeled water, the other labeled hydrazine, indicating that hydrazine looks like water (3:42). An illustration shows an airwoman holding her nose as she pours ammonia into a basin (3:48). She looks sick, indicating that concentrations of hydrazine detectable by odor are more than twenty times the permissible exposure limit. A text reading “Warning” flashes onto the screen (4:03). An illustration of a puddle around a barrel pans out to show an airman touching it inquisitively. If a person sees a suspicious puddle near an F-16 that looks like water, do not touch it. An illustration shows an airman on a rotary dial phone as he speaks to job control (4:18). An illustration shows an airman standing behind a metal shield labeled AFOSH (Air Force Occupational Safety and Health standards) (4:24).
An F-16 sits on an airfield with its cockpit door open (5:00). The camera zooms in to the EPU and H-70 fuel tank, located in the upper fuselage just above and forward of the right wing. Maintenance personnel service the EPU system. Viewers see a close-up of the EPU system, and a man wears gloves and protective gear while placing polypropylene felt or a clean white cotton cloth under an area where H-70 could potentially spill (5:38). The two maintenance personnel are seen in full protective gear removing the fuel tank to be serviced.
A series of shots demonstrate what airmen should do if they come in contact with H-70. One quickly washes his arm (6:10). Another rinses his eyes out at a fountain (6:22). A doctor examines an airman’s arm (6:30). A cloth is placed under a leaking EPU (6:35). The film cuts to a Mobile Command Post truck (6:40). They speak into a walkie-talkie. A maintenance worker warns to steer clear of a contaminated area (6:48). Emergency vehicles are at the scene (6:57). The film closes with quick shots of all the personnel on hand in the event of a hazard (7:03): a police woman examines an airman’s credentials. Fire personnel wear protective gear. Medical personnel are shown near an ambulance, and specialists work beneath to clean a spill.
Hydrazine is a molecule of two singly-bonded nitrogen atoms and four peripheral hydrogen atoms. In its anhydrous form, it is a colorless, toxic irritant and sensitizer, which damages the central nervous system, producing symptoms as extreme as tumors and seizures.
This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com